The city of Agra is world famous for the Taj
Mahal and millions of tourists from all over the
world come here every year to see the different moods of this
magnificent edifice. As Agra was the seat of the great Mughal
rulers for many years, it also has a number of historical
monuments in and around the city, dating back to the 16th
and 17th century. Emperor Akbar built Fatehpur Sikri, the
beautiful city of red sandstone, near Agra. Agra is also known
for its handicraft products.
Agra has a rich historical background, which is amply evident
from the numerous historical monuments in and around the city.
Though the heritage of Agra city is linked with the Mughal
dynasty, numerous other rulers also contributed to the rich
past of this city. Agra was founded by Sikandar Lodhi (Lodhi
dynasty; Delhi Sultanate) in the 16th century. Babur (founder
of the Mughal dynasty) also stayed for sometime in Agra and
introduced the concept of square Persian-styled gardens here.
Emperor Akbar built the Agra fort; Jahangir beautified it
with palaces and gardens. Shahjahan marked the zenith of Mughal
architecture, when he built the Taj Mahal. The post-Mughal
era of Agra saw the rule of the Jats, Marathas and finally
the British taking over the city.
Agra is located in the state of Uttar Pradesh, in the northern
region of India. It is a part of the great northern plains
and is situated on the west bank of river the Yamuna. Agra
is 204 km south of Delhi. The climate of Agra is extreme and
tropical. Summers are extremely hot and the maximum temperature
can be as high as 45 degree Celsius, while winters are cold
and foggy. Heavy rains and high humidity mark the monsoon
Agra can be visited throughout the year, but one must avoid
the extreme hot summers (April-June) and rainy season (July-Sept).
The most suitable time to visit Agra is From Nov till March.
There is no other monument in the world, which can match the
beauty and grandeur of the Taj Mahal. Set amongst the serene
ambience of a well laid out garden the massive marble structure
of the Taj is awe-inspiring. The Taj Mahal was built in the
17th century by Shahjahan- the fifth Mughal emperor, in memory
of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Shahjahan loved his wife
so much that after she passed away in 1631, he decided to
immortalize their love in the form of the Taj Mahal. It is
more than 350 years since Taj Mahal was built, but it has
not lost its romantic aura, which attracts millions of visitors
Agra might be world famous
for the Taj Mahal, built by the Mughal emperor Shahjahan in
memory of his beloved wife. However, it is also famous for
the Agra Fort, which is a veritable treasure trove of the
Mughal architectural tradition. The various buildings within
this sprawling fort complex represent the assimilation of
different cultures, which was the mark of the Mughal period.
tomb is a highly ornate edifice, which is looked upon as an
imminent precursor of the Taj Mahal as far as elaborate carvings
and inlay work are concerned. The tomb marks a significant
departure from the tombs of the Mughal dynasty built before
Across the railway tracks
from the Delhi Gate of Agra Fort, the Jami Masjid was built
by Shah Jahan in 1648. An inscription over the main gate indicates
that it was built in the name of Jahanara, Shah Jahan's daughter,
who was eventually imprisoned with Shah Jahan by Aurangzeb.
It is the only building
in India to be decorated exclusively with glazed tile work.
The tiny mausoleum overlooking the River Yamuna was the tomb
of Afzal Khan, a minister in the court of Shah Jahan.
Air : Agra
airport is 7 km from the city center and 3 km from Idgah bus
stand. Indian airlines operates daily tourist shuttle flights
to Agra, Khajuraho, Varanasi and back. It only takes 40 minutes
from Delhi to Agra.
Rail : Agra is well connected by railroad. The main railway station
is the Agra Cantonment station. Agra is well connected by
rail to Delhi, Varanasi and cities of Rajasthan.
Road : Agra is 203 Km from Delhi Its 03 Hrs Drive away from Delhi.